Engaging in software projects is often a tedious task. This entails strategic planning, having an experienced development team, and undertaking regular collaboration with the project’s team members. They work internally within the organization and externally with the software development firm. For any software projects to be achievable should have key stakeholders to be readily available.
Defining software development roles
One of the main factors to have a successful software project is listing and documenting the key software development roles and responsibilities for your existing project. You have to define the key stakeholders within your enterprise who will play a vital role in the delivery of the software project.
Recruiting the right personnel matters most. Even if you experience setbacks in the process, there is nothing to worry about. With the right people to back you up, you can easily overcome any challenges along the way. That’s what makes good management worthwhile.
Major duties and responsibilities
For the key stakeholders necessary for completing a software project, below are the different roles and responsibilities.
1. Project manager. The project manager (PM) is in-charge in identifying the 5Ws of the software project, consisting of the “who, what, where, when and why.” This requires managing the project stakeholders and effectively communicating to each member of the team. One of the essential project manager duties is developing and monitoring the project budget, schedule, and execution of processes, along with task scope management, resolving issues, and minimizing project risks.
Some of the project manager duties and responsibilities are:
- Designing a software task plan
- Managing deliverables based on the specified software development plan
- Hiring software project personnel
- Overseeing the software project team
- Identifying the project methodology
- Creating a project schedule and identifying every project phase
- Providing assignments to project team members
- Giving frequent updates to senior management
Whether you are considering to use an agile or the waterfall method, after defining the deliverables, it is vital that the project manager begins to actively implement change management. Any change in the process should never be perceived as something negative or to be prevented.
Change is inevitable. It is acceptable in any software project for as long as it is well-managed. The effect of any change has to be evaluated, analyzed, and communicated. The main elements are generally schedule and budget. Once the impact is accepted by the project sponsor, then it is the time to incorporate change.
Also, the project manager supervises software delivery, testing, and formal client acceptance. Then, he carries out a task review with the software development team to document any learned lessons or resolved issues from the software development methods.
2. Technical lead. This personnel helps in translating the business requirements in providing a technical resolution. His task is beneficial as he is involved in the planning stage to identify the client’s business requirements and clarify any issues about the customer’s demands.
The technical lead works as the development team leader. He directly communicates with the software developers to ensure they are fully aware of the technical details and estimates in providing the proposed solution. All the gathered details are submitted to the project manager to produce the Statement of Work and the Work Breakdown Structure documents for the software task.
It is crucial that the technical lead can effectively provide the software project status to the project manager to address any issues or variances in the work plan easily. Also, the technical lead establishes and enforces project standards and best practices with the software development team.