Are you a QA offshore specialist or a development manager involved in an Enterprise IT organization? You may be aware of the debate whether the uses of Java is the best programming language for your backend development.
If you are part of a start-up company, the situation could be different. Some of your firm’s app developers could be opting for Ruby on Rails or Scala, while others are championing Java QA automation or seeking Java QA consultation for their existing tasks.
The birth of Java programming
Since its establishment in 1995, the initial uses of Java have been introduced during the early part of 1996. Java was known as ‘Oak.’ However, because of trademark issues, it was renamed eventually to Java.
James Gosling was the brain behind the Java development. He was a Sun Microsystem engineer who was not expecting the huge impact of this programming language in the online industry. In 1996, the internet and world wide web were only limited to very few new concepts. Gosling only is seen that Java will be relevant in small interconnected equipment during that time.
When the early Java API was enhanced to Java 2, this brought a huge milestone. When Java 5 was launched, there came the integration of ’Generics,‘ a major feature that provided vital modifications to Java syntax.
In 2009, Google rolled out its Android ’Software Development Kit (SDK),’ which is Java-based. This was a great development for the growing popularity of the new programming language. A year later, Oracle bought Sun Microsystems, which led to some delays in releasing Java 7.
Today, Java is the most popular object-oriented programming. In 2014, more features have been integrated to Java. This was when Java 8 came with the inclusion of the ‘Lambda’ expression. This special feature provided Java automation, enabling the developers to write their functional-oriented apps.
Java’s special features
Currently, over three billion devices employ Java in one form or another. Based on Oracle’s estimates, Java is recognized as the most commonly used runtime environment for most enterprises globally. Java’s popularity is brought by the following features:
1.Simplicity. Quality assurance offshore specialists and developers consider learning Java to be a handy task.
2.Familiarity. In the 1990s or early 2000s, most developers began their careers with great exposure with C/C++. When Java came with the same languages, they learned the uses of Java right away. Also, Java eliminated C/C++ complexities such as pointers.
3. Java is completely object-oriented programming language.
4. The language allows Java automation of garbage collection and management of simple memory, aside from features such as Generics. All these contribute to making Java a robust language.
5. Java is a highly secure language brought by its static type-checking at compile-time and runtime checking.
6. Bycodes’ compilation makes Java Virtual Machine (JVM) works on the code quick with high performance.
7. Java is known for adopting multi-threading.
8. The developer can operate Java in his chosen system using a JVM. This portability is the main benefit of Java.
A rich environment is supportive of the language development of Java. Three of today’s technology giants such as Oracle, IBM, and Google widely use this programming language. Also, Java has a repository of open-source libraries, including integrated development environments (IDEs), devices, frameworks, and a big developer community. All these are Java’s other benefits.
Various Java platforms
All Java platforms consist of application programming interfaces (APIs) and a JVM. In general, below are four Java platforms.
Standard Edition (Java SE). This is the most widely used Java platform. Java SE APIs offer the basic functionalities. This provides the general types and objects while defining the high-level classes necessary for database, networking, security, and graphical user Interface (GUI).
Enterprise Edition (Java EE). This is created above the Java SE. It fits well the enterprise-scale apps.
Micro Edition (Java ME). As part of the Java SE API, it offers a lighter JVM. This suits apps that are used in mini devices such as smartphones.
Java FX. You can build online apps through a light-weight user interface (UI) API. Apps are created with hardware-accelerated graphics and media engines. Also, they employ high-level APIs when accessing networked data sources.