Currently, many mobile and web developers are considering various modern programming languages with the available wide selection. Language selection is applicable to both front-end developers and back-end developers.
Generally, Node.js is not the only backend development programming language. However, there is another Google programming language alternative called Go, which is commonly referred to as the Golang.
Golang is basically a programming language that known to be statically typed and well compiled following the C syntax tradition. Go is mainly created for code writing that can be facilitated on the server-side.
Go is identified to have goroutines and channels that are instrumental in improving networking development. As a programming language, it provides more preference regarding speed and concurrency.
For better understanding, it is interesting to have a healthy comparison of Node.js vs. Go, two of Google’s most popular backend development programming languages based on several features and essential factors.
#1 Level maturity comparison
In terms of maturity level, comparing Node.js vs. Go, the latter is mature and robust enough despite being released in 2009. Meanwhile, Node.js provides the same maturity with the support of many users worldwide. However, the challenge lies with the changing API where the developers encounter problems in the Node module writing.
#2 Performance assessment
#3 Platform concurrency
The main difference between Node.js vs. Go is that the former uses the event known as the mechanism. The latter employs the co-routines called Goroutines. The process is based on a single thread. This is the area where Node.js is quite slow compared to the Go language.
However, Node.js provides the async generator support popularly known as semi-co-routines. Meanwhile, the Go language has lightweight thread being managed by the Go runtime. The integration between the Goroutines comes handily because of the channels.
#4 Better scalability
Like Concurrency, the Go language has higher scalability than Node.js in scalability. Also, Node.js is not recommended for huge projects brought by having a weaker parallel process.
However, Goroutines is found as Golang’s major asset, offering multiple threads to be carried out in one go together with the same tasks.
#5 Issue resolution
In error detection, the Node.js is a better choice as it uses the catch mechanism that is much easier to employ. Also, most developers are aware of this error checking method. It is more common and recognized as a traditional approach.
For Golang, it takes an explicit error checking mechanism. The troubleshooting is seen to be a complicated task. The program is being tested while the error codes are still on review. However, Golang offers more consistency and can achieve a transparent application of the tool.
#6 Front-end and backend applications
When it comes to the backend language, Go is best to use. It provides high performance for concurrent apps’ development. In case you select Node.js, there should not be any issues when shifting to client-side development.
#7 Learning with ease
For novice users wanting to learn the ropes, you can get adequate assistance from a large community willing to share their expertise and related resources.
Comparing both, Go is quite a new programming language compared to Node.js. So be prepared to learn a new language. It has its specialized set of rules and uses Goroutines with static typing that takes a difficult learning curve.
#8 Tool availability
As Node.js is more popular than Golang and commonly used by many developers, this provides a better tooling facility with a set of different tools. Such tools include several tutorial videos, articles, journals, platforms, and much-needed support for the budding developers.
As cited earlier, Node.js is backed by a huge group of well-equipped developers who contribute to enhancing the environment.
In contrast, Go does not provide similar benefit like Node.js. Currently, it is still new in the industry and still in its early days. It has few users within the community and most developers are less likely to use it because of the difficulties in understanding the language.
There are limited resources when accessing to learn the Go language. Also, no support is given for the front-end for the GopherJS, unlike Node.js where it provides enough details.
#9 Number of users/developers
#10 Handy blockchain implementation
The concept of blockchain has become a buzzword these days as the technology reaches greater heights. Many firms are interested in incorporating advanced technology. This makes it closely involved in cryptocurrency development.
When implementing the blockchain through Go, it is more simplified than using the technology with Node.js. This makes Golang highly advised.
From these two popular backend development technologies, Node.js vs. they provide a stiff competition between them. Both tools have their own pros and cons that you as a user should weigh. The best strategy when selecting is to know your specific requirements and proceed with the project implementation.
Based on the maturity and performance, Golang is seen superior compared to Node.js in terms of development tools, ease of learning, and front-end development.